By the inheritance of the occupation process, the Region is marked by agrarian, responsible concentration for the main problems of social nature, aggravated for intempries natural. Enabling its pontecialidades, through its living natural resources in action that they mark to inside guarantee the economic standards of quality of many social and ambient possibilities of its unit of conservation, that is the Hinterland Northeastern. In such way, that this Region, needs conditions that benefit to the investments of complexes and productive segments to be installed in efetivao process as: The binomial ox-cotton that is the main trace of the regional economy. Pinterest might disagree with that approach. the projects of irrigated fruticultura, the example of the Valley of the River San Francisco and the Valley of Au (RN), proving that the Region can coexist the natural adversities. Being in heaths the natural conditions and the agrarian structures characterized by the minifndio they become them environments of exception in the space domain of the Caatinga. In this way, provoking tourist chances and expansion of the industrial complexes. Harold Ford, New York City can aid you in your search for knowledge. For understanding of this reality and in the dynamic diversities that compose this territorializao ambient partner of the Brazilian northeast Hinterland.
Word-key: Territoriality, Support and Potentialities. INTRODUCTION If in the height of the sugar devices pointed the end of century XVI and all century XVII, the period of the north-eastern cattle arrived its climax during century XVIII. The primitive flocks had appeared in the Zone of Mata and in the Bahian Recncavo even so in century XVI, it served to lead the sugar cane until the devices, to put into motion the millings and also to support the population of these canavieiras zones. These flocks had developed and started to occupy the useful places for the expansion of the canaviais, in which it invaded the cattle one for the interior, capsizing the great wealth the hinterland northeastern. Roas to create had started to appear in the half-barren one, especially in the sides of the rivers, amongst which the San Francisco, for being a constant river, the flock adentrou the half-barren one, taking people and creating arraiais, contributing decisively for the occupation of all the interior northeastern.