Information And Knowledge

To work successfully with the information flow will define some basic concepts. But first answer the question: Why do we need information? To obtain knowledge – the first response suggest themselves. Why knowledge? For achieve our goals. Objectives can be very different: it is professional growth, the acquisition of specific skills, confidence, expand horizons, etc. Consider the following sequence: Data – information – knowledge – skills – skills. Data Information Knowledge Skills Skills remember this conversation. Data – this is not information, it is just information located on certain media (in this case is admissible in print form). Data becomes information when acquire a meaning, ie when we analyzed the data, to draw certain conclusions for themselves.

For example, weather information (this data), but for everyone, they become information, when based on these conclusions (for example, take an umbrella). Ie from data extracted useful information. The data themselves do not carry information. For example, the data of the balance sheet. But with his analysis, we obtain important information about state enterprises. Often confronted with reports that contain a lot of figures, tables. This information can not be called until it acquires meaning in context. What is knowledge? This proven practice information that can be reused by people.

On the basis of the knowledge, skills are formed, ie ability to perform certain actions. Gained knowledge about driving, forming skills – ie ability to manage them in real situations. Skills brought to the automatism, are skills. Driving skill is acquired after repeated application of our skills, derived from the knowledge that in turn were derived from data (books, manuals instructor). That's about as we move from data to skills. Here is an example of life: lessons in boxing section came already solid man. He said. 'I read a lot References in boxing, theoretically savvy and ready to go. " But he has not mastered the ability to fight (there was no practice of warfare), and moreover he had no skills (automaticity in the care, protection, shock combinations). Ie man gained knowledge from the information collected in the books (the data), but did not develop these skills to the level of skills. The first of its motion, fully confirmed this. So, in the books on your shelf contains only data. Taking the book in hand, you trying to extract useful information and build knowledge on a particular issue. Having the knowledge, you may as well stay at the level of existing knowledge, is not referred to the next stage. Over time, this knowledge will be forgotten and the time spent on reading, will be useless. But here you decide to use their knowledge, and bring them to the level of skills. Ie the entire cycle: Data- – Skills passed. But with the use or not passed this stage, you decide