The Antarctic Treaty that already counts on 50 years of existence, is the first document by means of which the 12 nations subscribed that it originally, resign to the operation of a valuable resource, in good of the harmony, the planning and the investigation. This element grants to the treaty transcendental dimensions, constituting in the beginning of a paradigm of relations between States that not only consider the interests national, but also the general interests of the Humanity. Thus beginning occurs, in 1959 to the joint planetary administration, that today, half century later, has affirmed and consolidated in it brings back to consciousness of development, but viable, and action to avoid the environmental degradation of the planet. From another perspective, the Antarctic Treaty shows a visionary and generous form of the resolution of the problems, before these appear and they are dyed of emocionalidad, showing so the agreed to coexistence not only is possible, but if is realised before the problems appear, will be able to be obtained optimal solutions. Unfortunately, the transcendental acts little usually are valued at the time in which they took place, nevertheless, in this case still we are in time to give the importance him than it became half century ago for the preservation of the Antarctic. If the Antarctic Treaty had not been signed, possibly ” continent helado” he would not be able to maintain the ice reserve that still presents/displays and that possibly can be the last barrier of defense before a maintained increase of the temperature in global level. It was the work, arduous and quiet of a group of men worried about the future about the Humanity, which allowed this historical act of understanding between diverse nations.
By the way that is a policy example that rescues worthiest of this one, that it reinforces the values of the dialogue and the cooperation for the resolution of the controversies between the nations and really constitutes a humanity lesson, civismo, vision and exceptional intelligence in human history. Still more, the Treaty is also legal challenge and, have nevertheless not received significant oppositions throughout the fifty years of its existence, surprising situation, been consideration that today we have certainty that under the ice of the Antarctic, exists a great reserve of minerals and petroleum, that could well have destrudo the balances of the austral continent, if it had untied to the race by the possession and operation of those resources. All the previous one causes that doubt cannot fit that the Antarctic Treaty is happy inico of a new form to think with respect to the administration of the planet and its resources. We must thank for the visionaries who made possible east total act of human value, that has abierto the doors of a form different from coexistence and taken care of of the environment on the part of members of the world-wide community.