An investigation by the ILO (The Future Without Child Labor), said that a Gran part Coffee, chocolate and tea consumed in the rich countries is the work of millions of children in countries developing According to statistical data are 17 million children under the age of 17 and 14 years working in Latin America and the Caribbean to very interesting opinion of Jose Carlos Saavedra, a professor at the Faculty of Economics of the Peruvian University of Applied Sciences (UPC), when he thinks that the main reason to explain the high level of poverty in the region the lack of state action. Our countries fail to provide what only they can offer: mechanisms for equal opportunity for development among the people regardless of their social conditions at birth. You can not ask the market to reduce the large structural inequalities.
A state works well in an efficient way to allocate certain resources that are scarce, but not to include those who can not participate in the supply and demand. In Peru, a person born in a poor region and is of poor parents, are practically condemned to poverty and this is supported by studies , as described. Similarly, Saavedra stressed that in the Andean nation lacking adequate social protection systems. We have an unemployment insurance or health insurance to protect the population most likely to lose work, during periods of crisis. Additionally, social programs in Peru are ineffective and have serious problems of articulation .
In response, states must seek plans and actions that seek to eliminate poverty, encourage productivity look like, giving way to new jobs, work that allows to activate the productive sector, especially in a scenario such as Venezuela that shows great stay in their companies, a consequence of the regulations, the government plans of Lieutenant Colonel Hugo Chavez is required as indicated by Professor Saavedra, the state must protect the institutions responsible for designing, implementing and enforcing social policies in each nation, assigning qualified and incentives to meet social objectives measurable in time. In addition, state representatives should establish goals for academic achievement in schools public in accordance with international standards, along with addressing social inequality from the early stages of life through nutrition programs, health, education and scholarships . Finally, add the Bulletin of Universal-Knowledge, who served on the recommendations of academics, the professor of the School of Business at the University Adolfo Ibanez, Chile, adding that it is known that economic growth and human development are keys to overcoming these problems. It is therefore of primary importance also to promote gender equality and empower women. Likewise, today it has added another vital aspect: environmental protection-manager Industrial Engineering.